Autonomy in Journalism: How It Is Related to Attitudes and Behavior of Media Professionals

Armin Scholl and Siegfried Weischenberg [WJMCR 2:4 September 1999] Sections:  Abstract|Introduction|Theoretical framework and hypothesesMethod|Results|Discussion Abstract Autonomy is a main characteristic of professions. Social system theory suggests observing journalism in terms of self-referentiality and external referentiality. In our study “Journalism in Germany,” we could identify a particular self-referential group of journalists, which differed from the rest of the sample […]